Sunday, December 29, 2019

Bernie Sanders’ Immigration Platform

Bernie Sanders’ campaign released the senator’s immigration platform on November 7. The candidates’ immigration plan is easily the most progressive and most detailed presented by any candidate in this election cycle, and represents a significant advance over Sanders’ stance four years earlier.

Predictably, media coverage focused more on electoral strategy than on the important immigration issues raised in the platform. The immigration issues that the media did discuss were generally the ones the political class considers hot-button questions—abolish ICE? open borders? decriminalize unauthorized entry?—not demands for amnesty and a repeal of  the 1996 laws, the demands that have the greatest impact on immigrant families and communities.

The Sanders platform has the potential to be far more than an electoral ploy. While not perfect, it’s a major step towards getting a wider public to rethink the United States’ entire approach to immigration. 

Below we describe some of the best media coverage.

Vox’s Nicole Narea and Tara Golshan produced a fairly comprehensive summary of the platform in their article, “Bernie Sanders’s immigration plan puts the rights of workers into focus.” As the title indicates, Narea and Golshan note Sanders’ emphasis on undocumented immigrants as workers who are denied their labor rights. The Vox writers also note Sanders’ support for amnesty and his pledge to end Trump’s anti-asylum measures, notably MPP/”Remain in Mexico,” by executive action. But they don’t mention two other major commitments: to repealing the 1996 immigration laws and to addressing the root causes of immigration in US foreign policy.

In The Nation, John Washington’s “Bernie’s Immigration Plan Is Good” makes several important points. While the Vox coverage treats Sanders’ emphasis on labor rights simply as “part of his signature issue of workers’ rights,” Washington also notes that immigration and labor exploitation “cannot be untangled,” just as immigrant rights can’t be treated separately from the struggle against racism. Another important point from Washington: the Sanders platform was largely written by immigrant rights activists rather than by politicians and think tank analysts. Strangely, though, he omits any mention of the platform’s positions on repealing the 1996 laws and on turning back Trump’s attack on asylum.

Bernie Sanders’s New Immigration Proposal Is Incredibly Strong,” by Daniel Denvir in Jacobin also passes over the asylum issue. However, Denvir stresses the organizing potential of the platform’s platform on workers’ rights: “by emphasizing that immigrants are core to the working class rather than a threat to it, Sanders strengthens the multiracial coalition that is this country’s only hope for transformative change.” Denvir also notes that the Sanders approach addresses the US government’s role in creating the conditions that force people to leave their countries. “[W]e must remake the global economy and deliver economic justice,” Denvir writes, “so that people are free to not migrate and stay put if they choose.”

Bernie Sanders’s immigration plan: a response from the front-lines of struggle,” by Lupita Romero at Puntorojo also stresses Sanders’ commitment to addressing the US foreign policies that lie at the heart of much immigration here. Romero, who is an undocumented immigrant herself, emphasizes a point that Washington makes: that Sanders' platform “is the only one truly tapping into the demands of the immigrant rights movement and the popular sentiment for defending and strengthening civil rights.”

But Romero also brings up an issue missed by most coverage: that Sanders’ platform can be used as a starting point for grassroots organizing "through and beyond" the 2020 election. “[C]oalitions and organizing committees should be formed now.” Romero writes. “We should be calling for the abolition of ICE and the DHS, for the repeal of the ‘Illegal Immigration Act of 1996,’ and for active opposition to US intervention in Latin America.”

Monday, December 2, 2019

The Media Step Up MPP Coverage—What's Next?

Asylum seekers in Mexico. Photo: Miguel Gutierrez Jr./Texas Tribune
Dara Lind, an investigative reporter covering immigration at ProPublica, noted in a tweet on November 22 “how mind-boggling it is that the mass pushback of people to Mexico, in conditions like this & staggering rates of crime victimization, hasn't become a major news story/outrage magnet yet.”

Lind was referring to the administration’s Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) program, also known as “Remain in Mexico.” After a slow start near the beginning of the year, MPP has now forced some 60,000 asylum seekers into Mexico to wait for their claims to be processed—more than the total number of immigrants the U.S. is holding in immigration detention. MPP is one of the most significant of the administration’s efforts to end the asylum system that the U.S. created in 1980.

Lind is right: MPP has failed to spark the level of outrage that met the family separation policy in June 2018. There are various reasons for this, including the program’s initially slow rollout and the political class’s focus since September on the Ukraine crisis, but there are hopeful signs, especially in the corporate media. The past few weeks have brought a number of powerful articles on the subject, along with op-eds, opinion columns, a report from Sen. Jeff Merkley’s office, and an hour-long presentation on NPR’s This American Life. Some of this coverage is listed below.

So what can we do to bring more attention to this ongoing atrocity?

The recent media reports can be a useful tool in reaching out to activists. MPP is actually the biggest and cruelest of the Trump administration’s many attacks on migrants: protests would be inevitable if more people understood this. Influential politicians could also help. Sen. Merkley and Rep. Nanette Barrgan have brought attention to the issue: imagine the impact if Sen. Bernie Sanders and Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez—who are both on the record opposing the program—sent out a few tweets highlighting the horrors of MPP.

Recent Articles and Other Reports on MPP/“Remain in Mexico”:  

“In scathing manifesto, an asylum officer blasts Trump’s cruelty to migrants,” Washington Post, November 12, 2019:
“Merkley Releases Sweeping Report on Trump’s Gutting of Asylum, Including Direct Evidence of Grave Whistleblower Concerns,” Senator Merkley press release, November 14, 2019:
“Tents, stench, smoke: Health risks are gripping migrant camp,” AP, November 14, 2019:
“US Border Officials Pressured Asylum Officers To Deny Entry To Immigrants Seeking Protection, A Report Finds,” BuzzFeed News, November 15, 2019:
“The Out Crowd,” This American Life, November 15, 2019:
“Asylum officers rebel against Trump policies they say are immoral and illegal,” Los Angeles Times, November 15, 2019:
“Migrants stuck in lawless limbo within sight of America,” AP, November 17, 2019:
“‘Remain in Mexico’ policy faces internal critiques at House hearing,” Roll Call, November 19, 2019:
“My city used to welcome refugees. ‘Remain in Mexico’ means we can’t anymore.” Washington Post, November 19, 2019:
“In squalid Mexico tent city, asylum seekers are growing so desperate they’re sending their children over the border alone,” Washington Post, November 22, 2019:
“At Migrant Camp in Mexico, Crowds and Complaints Swell,” Wall Street Journal, November 23, 2019:
“Desperate Asylum-Seekers Stuck In Mexico Are Sending Their Children Across The US Border Alone,” BuzzFeed News, November 25, 2019:
“For Migrants In Nuevo Laredo, ‘Remain In Mexico’ Means Remain In Danger,” Texas Public Radio, November 27, 2019:
“Immigrants Sent Back To Mexico Are Not Getting Adequate Health Care, And Doctors Are Worried,” BuzzFeed News, November 27, 2019:
“New from the Mother Jones Podcast: Trump Is Winning His Border Wars. For Now.” Mother Jones, November 27, 2019: